Dr. Martin Luther BIBLE
© DrMartinLuther.info by Johannes Biermanski, Germany 2018

The little Horn

Daniel 7

VERSE   21.   „I   beheld,   and   the   same   horn   made   war   with   the   saints,   and prevailed    against    them;    22.    Until    the    Ancient    of    days    came,    and judgment   was   given   to   the   saints   of   the   Most   High;   and   the   time   came that the saints possessed the kingdom.“ „Daniel   and   the   Revelation“   by   Uriah   Smith,   1897 (1907), pp. 140, 141 (131, 132) The   relentless   wrath   of   this   little   horn   against   the   saints      particularly attracted   the   attention   of   Daniel.   The   rise   of   the   ten   horns,   or   the division   of   Rome   into   ten   kingdoms,   between   the   years   A.D.   351   and 483,   has   already   been   noticed.   As   these   horns   denote   kingdoms,   the little   horn   must   denote   a   kingdom   also,   but   not   of   the   same   nature, because   it   was   diverse    from   the   others.   They   were   political   kingdoms. And   now   we   have   but   to   inquire   if   any   kingdom   has   arisen   among   the ten   kingdoms   of   the   Roman   empire   since   A.D.   483,   and   yet   diverse   from them    all;    and    if    so,    what    one?    The    answer    is,    Yes;    the    SPIRITUAL KINGDOM    OF    THE    PAPACY.    This    answer    to    the    symbol    in    every particular, as is easily proved; and nothing else will [do it]. Daniel   beheld   this   horn   making   war   upon   the   saints.   Has   such   a   war been   waged   by   the   PAPACY?   Fifty   millions   of   martyrs   [editor:   150   until 250   millions   of   martyrs;   ex-priest   of   the   Roman   Catholic   Church   Gregor Dalliard:   200   millions   of   martyrs],   with   a   voice   like   the   sound   of   many waters,   answer,   YES.   Witness   the   cruel   persecutions   of   the   Waldenses, the   Albigenses,   and   Protestants   in   general,   by   the   PAPAL   POWER.   It   has been    asserted    that    the    persecutions,    massacres,    and    religous    wars excited   by   the   CHURCH   AND   BISHOP   OF   ROME,   have   occasioned   the shedding   of   far   more   blood   of   the   saints   of   the   Most   High   than   all   the enmity,    hostility,    and    persecutions    of    professed    heathen    from    the foundation of the world.

Daniel 7

VERSE   23.   „Thus   he   said,   The   fourth   beast   shall   be   the   fourth   kingdom   upon   earth,   which   shall   be   diverse   from   all   kingdoms,   and   shall devour   the   whole   earth,   and   shall   tread   it   down,   and   break   it   in   pieces.   24.   And   the   ten   horns   out   of   this   kingdom   are   ten   kings   that shall   arise:   and   another   shall   rise   after   them;   and   he   shall   be   diverse   from   the   first,   and   he   shall   subdue   three   kings.   25.   And   he   shall speak   great   words   against   the   most   High,   and   shall   wear   out   the   saints   of   the   Most   High,   and   think   to   change   times   and   laws:   and they   shall   be   given   into   his   hand   until   a   time   and   times   and   the   dividing   of   time.   26.   But   the   judgment   shall   sit,   and   they   shall   take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.“ „Daniel and the Revelation“ by Uriah Smith, pp. 132-134, 141-145 We have here further particulars respecting the fourth beast and the little horn. Perhaps   enough   has   already   been   said   respecting   the   fourth   beast   (Rome)   and   the   ten   horns,   or   ten   kingdoms,   which   arose   therefrom. The   little   horn   now   more   particularly   demands   attention.   As   stated   on   verse   8,   we   find   the   fulfilment   of   the   prophecy   concerning   this horn   in   the   rise   and   work   of   the   papacy.   It   is   a   matter   of   both   interest   and   importance,   therefore,   to   inquire   into   the   causes   which resulted in the development of this anti-Christian power. The   first   pastors   or   bishops   of   Rome   enjoyed   a   respect   proportionate   to   the   rank   of   the   city   in   which   they   resided;   and   for   the   first   few centuries   of   the   Christian   era,   Rome   was   the   largest,   richest,   and   most   powerful   city   in   the   world.   It   was   the   seat   of   empire,   the capital   of   the   nations.   "All   the   inhabitants   of   the   earth   belong   to   her,"   said   Julian;   and   Claudian   declared   her   to   be   "the   fountain   of laws."   "If   Rome   is   the   queen   of   cities,   why   should   not   her   pastor   be   the   king   of   bishops?"   was   the   reasoning   these   Roman   pastors adopted.   "Why   should   not   the   Roman   Church   be   the   mother   of   Christendom?   Why   should   not   all   nations   be   her   children,   and   her authority   their   sovereign   law?   It   was   easy,"   says   D'Aubigne,   from   whom   we   quote   these   words   ("History   of   the   Reformation,"   Vol.   I, chap. 1), "for the ambitious heart of man to reason thus. Ambitious Rome did so." The   bishops   in   the   different   parts   of   the   Roman   empire   naturally   yielded   to   the   Bishop   of   Rome   some   portion   of   that   honor   which Rome,   as   the   queen   city,   received   from   the   nations   of   the   earth.   There   was   originally   no   dependence   implied   in   the   honor   thus   paid. "But,"   continues   D'Aubigne,   "usurped   power   increased   like   an   avalanche.   Admonitions,   at   first   simply   fraternal,   soon   became   absolute commands   in   the   mouth   of   the   pontiff.   The   western   bishops   favored   this   encroachment   of   the   Roman   pastors,   either   from   jealousy   of the   eastern   bishops,   or   because   they   preferred   submitting   to   the   supremacy   of   a   Pope   rather   than   to   the   dominion   of   a   temporal power." Such   were   the   influences   clustering   around   the   bishop   of   Rome,   and   thus   circumstances   tended   toward   his   speedy   elevation   to   the supreme   spiritual   throne   of   Christendom.   But   the   fourth   century   was   destined   to   witness   an   obstacle   thrown   across   the   path   of   this ambitious   dream.   Arius,   parish   priest   of   the   ancient   and   influential   church   of   Alexandria,   sprung   his   doctrine   upon   the   world, occasioning   so   fierce   a   controversy   in   the   Christian   church   that   a   general   council   was   called   at   Nicaea,   by   the   emperor   Constantine, A.D.   325,   to   consider   and   adjust   it.   Arius   maintained   "that   the   Son   was   totally   and   essentially   distinct   from   the   Father;   that   he   was   the first   and   noblest   of   those   beings   whom   the   Father   had   created   out   of   nothing,   the   instrument   by   whose   subordinate   operation   the almighty Father formed the universe, and therefore inferior to the Father both in nature and dignity." Editor:   „Yahshua   the   Messiah   (greek.:   Jesus   Christ)   was   the   only   begotten   Sohn.   Arius,   later   he   was   murdered   through   poison,   said, that is only one God in heaven, the Father, and not a second God (and more). Yahshua says: for my Father is greater than I. (John 14:28.) Yahshua had also a beginning of his life (Proverbs 8:22-31). Emperor   Constantin   pass   a   resolution   at   the   council   of   Nicea   in   A.D.   325,   that   Jesus   Christ   is   god!   Also   emperor   Theodosius   on   his council   in   A.D.   381   said,   that   the   holy   Spirit/Ghost   is   truly   god.   If   anyone   was   against   the   resolutin   and   all   other   people,   which   had   no faith on this resolution, they get persecutions etc. The doctrine of the trinity is not written in the Sacred Scriptures: What   say   the   Sacred   Scriptures   to   this   point:   „First   commandment   of   the   Ten   Commandments   (Exodus   20):   You   shall   have   no   other gods/elohim beside me (nor two, nor three: nor God Jesus Christ, nor God Holy Ghost/Spirit)!!“ Go   on   with   „Daniel   and   the   Revelation“:   This   opinion   was   condemned   by   the   council,   which   decreed   that   Christ   was   of   one   and   the same   substance   with   the   Father.   Hereupon   Arius   was   banished   to   Illyria,   and   his   followers   were   compelled   to   give   their   assent   to   the creed composed on that occasion. (Mosheim, cent.4, part 2, chap.4: Stanley, History of the Eastern Church, p.239.) The   controversy   itself,   however,   was   not   to   be   disposed   of   in   this   summary   manner,   but   continued   for   ages   to   agitate   the   Christian world,   the   Arians   everywhere   becoming   the   bitter   enemies   of   the   pope   and   of   the   Roman   Catholic   Church.   From   these   facts   it   is evident   that   the   spread   of      Arianism   would   check   the   influence   of   the   Catholics;   and   the   possession   of   Rome   and   Italy   by   a   people   of the   Arian   persuasion,   would   be   fatal   to   the   supremacy   of   a   Catholic   bishop.   But   the   prophecy   had   declared   that   this   horn   would   rise to supreme power, and that in reaching this position it would subdue three kings. From   the   historical   testimony   above   cited,   it   is   clearly   established   that   the   three   horns   plucked   up   were   the   powers   mentioned;   viz., the Heruli in A.D. 493, the Vandals in 534, and the Ostrogoths in 538. After   pointing   out   to   us   the   place   occupied   by   this   beast   as   a   world   power,   and   giving   the   number   of   the   nations   which   he   should annihilate because they oppose him (verses 23, 24), Daniel next describes the attitude of this beast toward God and His saints. 1.   "He   shall   speak   great   words   against   the   Most   High."   Has   the   papacy   done   this?   Here   are   a   few   of   the   Pope‘s   self-accepted   titles: "Vicegerent   of   the   Son   of   God,"   "Our   Lord   God,   the   Pope."   „Another   God   upon   earth,“   „King   of   the   world,“   „King   of   kings   and   Lord   of lords.“   Said   Pope   Nicholas   to   Emperor   Michael,   "The   Pope,   who   is   called   God   by   Constantine,   can   never   be   bound   or   released   by   man; for   God   cannot   be   judged   by   man."   Is   there   need   of   bolder   blasphemy   than   this?   Listen   also   to   the   adulation   the   popes   have   received from   their   followers   without   rebuke.   A   Venetian   prelate   in   the   fourth   session   of   the   Lateran,   addressed   the   Pope   as   follows:   „You   are our   Shephard,   our   Physician,   in   short,   a   second   God   upon   earth.“   Another   bishop   called   him   „the   lion   of   the   tribe   of   Judah,   the promised   Saviour.“   Lord   Anthony   Pucci,   in   the   Fifth   Lateran,   said   to   the   Pope,   "The   sight   of   thy   divine   majesty   does   not   a   little   terrify me;   for   I   am   not   ignorant   that   all   power   both   in   heaven   and   in   earth   is   given   unto   you;   that   the   prophetic   saying   is   fulfilled   in   you,   'All the   kings   of   the   earth   shall   worship   him,   and   nations   shall   serve   him.'"   (See   Oswald's   Kingdom   Which   Shall   Not   Be   Destroyed,   pp.   97- 99.)   Again,   Dr.   Clarke,   in   verse   25,   says:   "'He   shall   speak   as   if   he   were   God.'   So   St.   Jerome   quotes   from   Symmachus.   To   none   can   this apply   so   well   or   so   fully   as   to   the   popes   of   Rome.   They   have   assumed   infallibility,   which   belongs   only   to   God.   They   profess   to   forgive sins,   which   belongs   only   to   God.   They   profess   to   open   and   shut   heaven,   which   belongs   only   to   God.   They   profess   to   be   higher   than   all the   kings   of   the   earth,   which   belongs   only   to   God.   And   they   go   beyond    God   in   pretending   to   loose   whole   nations   from   their   oath   of allegiance   to   their   kings,   when   such   kings   do   not   please   them.   And   they   go   against    God   when   they   give   indulgences   for   sin.   This   is   the worst of all blasphemies." 2.   "And   shall   wear   out   the   saints   of   the   Most   High."   Has   the   papacy   done   this?   For   the   mere   information   of   any   student   of   church history,   no   answer   need   here   be   given.   All   know   that   for   long   years   the   papal   church   has   pursued   its   relentless   work   against   the   true followers   of   God.   Chapter   after   chapter   might   be   given,   did   our   limited   space   permit.   Wars,   crusades,   massacres,   inquisitions,   and persecutions of all kinds, - these were their weapons of extinction. Scott's   Church   History   says:   "No   computation   can   reach   the   numbers   who   have   been   put   to   death,   in   different   ways,   on   account   of their   maintaining   the   profession   of   the   Gospel,   and   opposing   the   corruptions   of   the   Church   of   Rome.   A   million    of   poor   Waldenses perished   in   France;   nine   hundred   thousand    orthodox   Christians   were   slain   in   less   than   thirty   years   after   the   institution   of   the   order   of the   Jesuits.   The   Duke   of   Alva   boasted   of   having   put   to   death   in   the   Netherlands   thirty-six   thousand    by   the   hand   of   the   common executioner   during   the   space   of   a   few   years.   The   Inquisition   destroyed,   by   various   tortures,   one   hundred   and   fifty   thousand    within thirty   years.   These   are   a   few   specimens,   and   but   a   few,   of   those   which   history   has   recorded.   But   the   total   amount   will   never   be   known till the earth shall disclose her blood, and no more cover her slain." In   the   year   1208   a   crusade   was   proclaimed   by   Pope   Innocent   III   against   the   Waldenses   and   Albigenses,   in   which   a   million   men perished.   From   the   beginning   of   the   order   of   Jesuits   in   the   year   1540   to   1580,   nine   hundred   thousand   were   destroyed.   One   hundred and   fifty   thousand   perished   by   the   Inquisition   in   thirty   years.   In   the   Low   Countries   fifty   thousand   persons   were   hanged,   beheaded, burned,   or   buried   alive,   for   the   crime   of   heresy,   within   the   space   of   thirty-eight   years   from   the   edict   of   Charles   V   against   the Protestants to the peace of Chateau Cambresis in 1559. „After   describing   the   terrible   career   of   the   little   horn,   and   stating   that   the   saints   should   be   given   into   his   hand   for   1260   years, bringing   us   down   to   1798,   verse   26   declares:   „But   the   judgment   shall   sit,   and   they   shall   take   away   his   dominion,   to   consume   and   to destroy   it   unto   the   end.“   In   verse   10   of   the   same   chapter   we   have   substantially   the   same   expression   relative   to   the   Judgment:   „The judgment   was   set.“   It   would   seem   consistent   to   suppose   that   the   same   judgment   is   referred   to   in   both   instances.   But   the   sublime scene   described   in   verse   10,   is   the   opening   of   the   investigative   judgment   in   the   sanctuary   in   heaven,   as   will   appear   in   remarks   on   Dan. viii.   14   and   ix.   25-27.   The   opening   of   this   judgment   scene   is   located   by   the   prophecy   at   the   close   of   the   great   prophetic   period   of   2,300 years,   which   terminated   in   1844.   Four   years   after   this,   in   1848,   the   great   revolution   which   shook   so   many   thrones   in   Europe,   drove   the Pope   also   from   his   dominions,   and   his   restoration   shortly   after   was   due   to   foreign   aid.   8   Dec.,   1854,   the   dogma   of   the   Immaculate Conception   was   decreed   by   the   Pope.   21   July,   1870,   in   the   great   OEcumenical   council   assembled   at   Rome,   it   was   deliberately   decreed, by   a   vote   of   538   against   2,   that   the   Pope   was   infallible.   In   the   same   year,   France,   by   whose   bayonets   the   Pope   was   kept   upon   his throne,   was   crushed   by   Prussia,   the   the   last   prop   was   taken   from   under   the   papacy.   Then   Victor   Emmanuel,   seeing   his   opportunity   to carry   out   the   long-cherished   dream   of   a   united   Italy,   seized   Rome   to   make   it   the   capital   of   his   kingdom.   To   his   troops,   under   General Cadorna,    Rome    surrendered,    20    Sept.,        1870.        The    Pope‘s    temporal    power    was    thus    wholly    taken    away,    nevermore,    said    Victor Emmanuel,   to   be   restored;   and   since   that   time,   the   popes,   shutting   themselves   up   in   the   Vatican,   have   styled   themselves   „prisoners.“ His   dominion   was   to   be   consumed   unto   the   end,   implying   that   when   his   power   as   a   civil   ruler   should   be   wholly   destroyed,   the   end would not be far off. The      overthrow   of   the   papacy   in   1798,   marked   the   conclusion   of   the   prophetic   period   of   1,260   years,   and   constituted   the   „deadly wound“   prophesied      in   Rev.   xiii.   3,   to   come   upon   this   power;   but   this   deadly   wound   was   to   be   „healed.“   In   1800   another   Pope   was elected;   his   palace   and   temporal   dominion   were   restored,   and   every   prerogative   except,   as   Mr.   Croly   says,   that   of   a   systematic persecutor,   was   again   under   his   control;   and   thus   the   wound   was   healed.   But   since   1870,   he   has   enjoyed   no   prestige   as   a   temporal prince among the nations of the earth.“ („Daniel and the Revelation“   by Uriah Smith, pp. 148, 149)

Let There Be Light / Rekindling the Reformation - Walter Veith

Dr. Martin Luther BIBLE

The little Horn

Daniel 7

VERSE   21.   „I   beheld,   and   the   same   horn   made war   with   the   saints,   and   prevailed   against   them; 22.     Until     the     Ancient     of     days     came,     and judgment   was   given   to   the   saints   of   the   Most High;     and     the     time     came     that     the     saints possessed the kingdom.“ „Daniel   and   the   Revelation“   by   Uriah   Smith,   1897 (1907), pp. 140, 141 (131, 132) The   relentless   wrath   of   this   little   horn   against the   saints      particularly   attracted   the   attention of    Daniel.    The    rise    of    the    ten    horns,    or    the division    of    Rome    into    ten    kingdoms,    between the    years    A.D.    351    and    483,    has    already    been noticed.    As    these    horns    denote    kingdoms,    the little   horn   must   denote   a   kingdom   also,   but   not of   the   same   nature,   because   it   was   diverse    from the    others.    They    were    political    kingdoms.    And now   we   have   but   to   inquire   if   any   kingdom   has arisen   among   the   ten   kingdoms   of   the   Roman empire   since   A.D.   483,   and   yet   diverse   from   them all;   and   if   so,   what   one?   The   answer   is,   Yes;   the SPIRITUAL     KINGDOM     OF     THE     PAPACY.     This answer   to   the   symbol   in   every   particular,   as   is easily proved; and nothing else will [do it]. Daniel   beheld   this   horn   making   war   upon   the saints.    Has    such    a    war    been    waged    by    the PAPACY?    Fifty    millions    of    martyrs    [editor:    150 until    250    millions    of    martyrs;    ex-priest    of    the Roman     Catholic     Church     Gregor     Dalliard:     200 millions   of   martyrs],   with   a   voice   like   the   sound of   many   waters,   answer,   YES.   Witness   the   cruel persecutions   of   the   Waldenses,   the   Albigenses, and   Protestants   in   general,   by   the   PAPAL   POWER. It    has    been    asserted    that    the    persecutions, massacres,    and    religous    wars    excited    by    the CHURCH   AND   BISHOP   OF   ROME,   have   occasioned the   shedding   of   far   more   blood   of   the   saints   of the   Most   High   than   all   the   enmity,   hostility,   and persecutions    of    professed    heathen    from    the foundation of the world.

Daniel 7

VERSE   23.   „Thus   he   said,   The   fourth   beast   shall be   the   fourth   kingdom   upon   earth,   which   shall be   diverse   from   all   kingdoms,   and   shall   devour the   whole   earth,   and   shall   tread   it   down,   and break   it   in   pieces.   24.   And   the   ten   horns   out   of this   kingdom   are   ten   kings   that   shall   arise:   and another   shall   rise   after   them;   and   he   shall   be diverse   from   the   first,   and   he   shall   subdue   three kings.   25.   And   he   shall   speak   great   words   against the   most   High,   and   shall   wear   out   the   saints   of the   Most   High,   and   think   to   change   times   and laws:   and   they   shall   be   given   into   his   hand   until a   time   and   times   and   the   dividing   of   time.   26. But   the   judgment   shall   sit,   and   they   shall   take away   his   dominion,   to   consume   and   to   destroy   it unto the end.“ „Daniel   and   the   Revelation“   by   Uriah   Smith,   pp. 132-134, 141-145 We   have   here   further   particulars   respecting   the fourth beast and the little horn. Perhaps       enough       has       already       been       said respecting   the   fourth   beast   (Rome)   and   the   ten horns,   or   ten   kingdoms,   which   arose   therefrom. The   little   horn   now   more   particularly   demands attention.    As    stated    on    verse    8,    we    find    the fulfilment   of   the   prophecy   concerning   this   horn in   the   rise   and   work   of   the   papacy.   It   is   a   matter of   both   interest   and   importance,   therefore,   to inquire    into    the    causes    which    resulted    in    the development of this anti-Christian power. The   first   pastors   or   bishops   of   Rome   enjoyed   a respect   proportionate   to   the   rank   of   the   city   in which     they     resided;     and     for     the     first     few centuries    of    the    Christian    era,    Rome    was    the largest,   richest,   and   most   powerful   city   in   the world.   It   was   the   seat   of   empire,   the   capital   of the    nations.    "All    the    inhabitants    of    the    earth belong     to     her,"     said     Julian;     and     Claudian declared    her    to    be    "the    fountain    of    laws."    "If Rome   is   the   queen   of   cities,   why   should   not   her pastor     be     the     king     of     bishops?"     was     the reasoning   these   Roman   pastors   adopted.   "Why should   not   the   Roman   Church   be   the   mother   of Christendom?   Why   should   not   all   nations   be   her children,   and   her   authority   their   sovereign   law? It    was    easy,"    says    D'Aubigne,    from    whom    we quote        these        words        ("History        of        the Reformation,"   Vol.   I,   chap.   1),   "for   the   ambitious heart   of   man   to   reason   thus.   Ambitious   Rome did so." The   bishops   in   the   different   parts   of   the   Roman empire   naturally   yielded   to   the   Bishop   of   Rome some   portion   of   that   honor   which   Rome,   as   the queen    city,    received    from    the    nations    of    the earth.     There     was     originally     no     dependence implied   in   the   honor   thus   paid.   "But,"   continues D'Aubigne,    "usurped    power    increased    like    an avalanche.       Admonitions,       at       first       simply fraternal,   soon   became   absolute   commands   in the   mouth   of   the   pontiff.   The   western   bishops favored      this      encroachment      of      the      Roman pastors,    either    from    jealousy    of    the    eastern bishops,   or   because   they   preferred   submitting   to the    supremacy    of    a    Pope    rather    than    to    the dominion of a temporal power." Such   were   the   influences   clustering   around   the bishop   of   Rome,   and   thus   circumstances   tended toward    his    speedy    elevation    to    the    supreme spiritual   throne   of   Christendom.   But   the   fourth century    was    destined    to    witness    an    obstacle thrown   across   the   path   of   this   ambitious   dream. Arius,   parish   priest   of   the   ancient   and   influential church   of   Alexandria,   sprung   his   doctrine   upon the   world,   occasioning   so   fierce   a   controversy   in the   Christian   church   that   a   general   council   was called    at    Nicaea,    by    the    emperor    Constantine, A.D.     325,     to     consider     and     adjust     it.     Arius maintained     "that     the     Son     was     totally     and essentially   distinct   from   the   Father;   that   he   was the   first   and   noblest   of   those   beings   whom   the Father      had      created      out      of      nothing,      the instrument   by   whose   subordinate   operation   the almighty     Father     formed     the     universe,     and therefore   inferior   to   the   Father   both   in   nature and dignity." Editor:     „Yahshua     the     Messiah     (greek.:     Jesus Christ)   was   the   only   begotten   Sohn.   Arius,   later he   was   murdered   through   poison,   said,   that   is only   one   God   in   heaven,   the   Father,   and   not   a second God (and more). Yahshua   says:   for   my   Father   is   greater   than   I. (John   14:28.)   Yahshua   had   also   a   beginning   of   his life (Proverbs 8:22-31). Emperor    Constantin    pass    a    resolution    at    the council   of   Nicea   in   A.D.   325,   that   Jesus   Christ   is god!   Also   emperor   Theodosius   on   his   council   in A.D.   381   said,   that   the   holy   Spirit/Ghost   is   truly god.   If   anyone   was   against   the   resolutin   and   all other     people,     which     had     no     faith     on     this resolution,     they     get     persecutions     etc.     The doctrine    of    the    trinity    is    not    written    in    the Sacred Scriptures: What    say    the    Sacred    Scriptures    to    this    point: „First           commandment           of           the           Ten Commandments   (Exodus   20):   You   shall   have   no other    gods/elohim    beside    me    (nor    two,    nor three:     nor     God     Jesus     Christ,     nor     God     Holy Ghost/Spirit)!!“ Go    on    with    „Daniel    and    the    Revelation“:    This opinion   was   condemned   by   the   council,   which decreed    that    Christ    was    of    one    and    the    same substance   with   the   Father.   Hereupon   Arius   was banished     to     Illyria,     and     his     followers     were compelled    to    give    their    assent    to    the    creed composed    on    that    occasion.    (Mosheim,    cent.4, part    2,    chap.4:    Stanley,    History    of    the    Eastern Church, p.239.) The   controversy   itself,   however,   was   not   to   be disposed     of     in     this     summary     manner,     but continued     for     ages     to     agitate     the     Christian world,     the     Arians     everywhere     becoming     the bitter   enemies   of   the   pope   and   of   the   Roman Catholic   Church.   From   these   facts   it   is   evident that   the   spread   of      Arianism   would   check   the influence   of   the   Catholics;   and   the   possession   of Rome     and     Italy     by     a     people     of     the     Arian persuasion,   would   be   fatal   to   the   supremacy   of   a Catholic   bishop.   But   the   prophecy   had   declared that   this   horn   would   rise   to   supreme   power,   and that   in   reaching   this   position   it   would   subdue three kings. From   the   historical   testimony   above   cited,   it   is clearly   established   that   the   three   horns   plucked up   were   the   powers   mentioned;   viz.,   the   Heruli in     A.D.     493,     the     Vandals     in     534,     and     the Ostrogoths in 538. After   pointing   out   to   us   the   place   occupied   by this    beast    as    a    world    power,    and    giving    the number      of      the      nations      which      he      should annihilate   because   they   oppose   him   (verses   23, 24),    Daniel    next    describes    the    attitude    of    this beast toward God and His saints. 1.   "He   shall   speak   great   words   against   the   Most High."   Has   the   papacy   done   this?   Here   are   a   few of   the   Pope‘s   self-accepted   titles:   "Vicegerent   of the    Son    of    God,"    "Our    Lord    God,    the    Pope." „Another   God   upon   earth,“   „King   of   the   world,“ „King    of    kings    and    Lord    of    lords.“    Said    Pope Nicholas   to   Emperor   Michael,   "The   Pope,   who   is called   God   by   Constantine,   can   never   be   bound or   released   by   man;   for   God   cannot   be   judged   by man."   Is   there   need   of   bolder   blasphemy   than this?   Listen   also   to   the   adulation   the   popes   have received   from   their   followers   without   rebuke.   A Venetian    prelate    in    the    fourth    session    of    the Lateran,   addressed   the   Pope   as   follows:   „You   are our   Shephard,   our   Physician,   in   short,   a   second God   upon   earth.“   Another   bishop   called   him   „the lion   of   the   tribe   of   Judah,   the   promised   Saviour.“ Lord   Anthony   Pucci,   in   the   Fifth   Lateran,   said   to the   Pope,   "The   sight   of   thy   divine   majesty   does not   a   little   terrify   me;   for   I   am   not   ignorant   that all   power   both   in   heaven   and   in   earth   is   given unto   you;   that   the   prophetic   saying   is   fulfilled   in you,   'All   the   kings   of   the   earth   shall   worship   him, and    nations    shall    serve    him.'"    (See    Oswald's Kingdom   Which   Shall   Not   Be   Destroyed,   pp.   97- 99.)   Again,   Dr.   Clarke,   in   verse   25,   says:   "'He   shall speak   as   if   he   were   God.'   So   St.   Jerome   quotes from   Symmachus.   To   none   can   this   apply   so   well or   so   fully   as   to   the   popes   of   Rome.   They   have assumed   infallibility,   which   belongs   only   to   God. They   profess   to   forgive   sins,   which   belongs   only to   God.   They   profess   to   open   and   shut   heaven, which   belongs   only   to   God.   They   profess   to   be higher    than    all    the    kings    of    the    earth,    which belongs   only   to   God.   And   they   go   beyond    God   in pretending    to    loose    whole    nations    from    their oath    of    allegiance    to    their    kings,    when    such kings   do   not   please   them.   And   they   go   against   God   when   they   give   indulgences   for   sin.   This   is the worst of all blasphemies." 2.    "And    shall    wear    out    the    saints    of    the    Most High."   Has   the   papacy   done   this?   For   the   mere information   of   any   student   of   church   history,   no answer    need    here    be    given.    All    know    that    for long    years    the    papal    church    has    pursued    its relentless    work    against    the    true    followers    of God.   Chapter   after   chapter   might   be   given,   did our     limited     space     permit.     Wars,     crusades, massacres,   inquisitions,   and   persecutions   of   all kinds, - these were their weapons of extinction. Scott's    Church    History    says:    "No    computation can   reach   the   numbers   who   have   been   put   to death,    in    different    ways,    on    account    of    their maintaining    the    profession    of    the    Gospel,    and opposing   the   corruptions   of   the   Church   of   Rome. A   million    of   poor   Waldenses   perished   in   France; nine   hundred   thousand    orthodox   Christians   were slain     in     less     than     thirty     years     after     the institution   of   the   order   of   the   Jesuits.   The   Duke of   Alva   boasted   of   having   put   to   death   in   the Netherlands   thirty-six   thousand    by   the   hand   of the   common   executioner   during   the   space   of   a few   years.   The   Inquisition   destroyed,   by   various tortures,   one   hundred   and   fifty   thousand    within thirty   years.   These   are   a   few   specimens,   and   but a   few,   of   those   which   history   has   recorded.   But the   total   amount   will   never   be   known   till   the earth    shall    disclose    her    blood,    and    no    more cover her slain." In   the   year   1208   a   crusade   was   proclaimed   by Pope    Innocent    III    against    the    Waldenses    and Albigenses,    in    which    a    million    men    perished. From   the   beginning   of   the   order   of   Jesuits   in   the year   1540   to   1580,   nine   hundred   thousand   were destroyed.     One     hundred     and     fifty     thousand perished   by   the   Inquisition   in   thirty   years.   In   the Low     Countries     fifty     thousand     persons     were hanged,   beheaded,   burned,   or   buried   alive,   for the   crime   of   heresy,   within   the   space   of   thirty- eight   years   from   the   edict   of   Charles   V   against the     Protestants     to     the     peace     of     Chateau Cambresis in 1559. „After   describing   the   terrible   career   of   the   little horn,   and   stating   that   the   saints   should   be   given into   his   hand   for   1260   years,   bringing   us   down   to 1798,   verse   26   declares:   „But   the   judgment   shall sit,   and   they   shall   take   away   his   dominion,   to consume    and    to    destroy    it    unto    the    end.“    In verse      10      of      the      same      chapter      we      have substantially   the   same   expression   relative   to   the Judgment:    „The    judgment    was    set.“    It    would seem     consistent     to     suppose     that     the     same judgment   is   referred   to   in   both   instances.   But the   sublime   scene   described   in   verse   10,   is   the opening    of    the    investigative    judgment    in    the sanctuary   in   heaven,   as   will   appear   in   remarks on   Dan.   viii.   14   and   ix.   25-27.   The   opening   of   this judgment    scene    is    located    by    the    prophecy    at the   close   of   the   great   prophetic   period   of   2,300 years,    which    terminated    in    1844.    Four    years after    this,    in    1848,    the    great    revolution    which shook    so    many    thrones    in    Europe,    drove    the Pope      also      from      his      dominions,      and      his restoration   shortly   after   was   due   to   foreign   aid. 8    Dec.,    1854,    the    dogma    of    the    Immaculate Conception    was    decreed    by    the    Pope.    21    July, 1870,       in       the       great       OEcumenical       council assembled   at   Rome,   it   was   deliberately   decreed, by   a   vote   of   538   against   2,   that   the   Pope   was infallible.    In    the    same    year,    France,    by    whose bayonets    the    Pope    was    kept    upon    his    throne, was   crushed   by   Prussia,   the   the   last   prop   was taken     from     under     the     papacy.     Then     Victor Emmanuel,   seeing   his   opportunity   to   carry   out the     long-cherished     dream     of     a     united     Italy, seized     Rome     to     make     it     the     capital     of     his kingdom.   To   his   troops,   under   General   Cadorna, Rome   surrendered,   20   Sept.,      1870.      The   Pope‘s temporal    power    was    thus    wholly    taken    away, nevermore,      said      Victor      Emmanuel,      to      be restored;     and     since     that     time,     the     popes, shutting    themselves    up    in    the    Vatican,    have styled   themselves   „prisoners.“   His   dominion   was to    be    consumed    unto    the    end,    implying    that when   his   power   as   a   civil   ruler   should   be   wholly destroyed, the end would not be far off. The      overthrow   of   the   papacy   in   1798,   marked the   conclusion   of   the   prophetic   period   of   1,260 years,     and     constituted     the     „deadly     wound“ prophesied        in    Rev.    xiii.    3,    to    come    upon    this power;     but     this     deadly     wound     was     to     be „healed.“   In   1800   another   Pope   was   elected;   his palace    and    temporal    dominion    were    restored, and   every   prerogative   except,   as   Mr.   Croly   says, that     of     a     systematic     persecutor,     was     again under    his    control;    and    thus    the    wound    was healed.     But     since     1870,     he     has     enjoyed     no prestige   as   a   temporal   prince   among   the   nations of the earth.“ („Daniel    and    the    Revelation“     by    Uriah    Smith,    pp. 148, 149)

Let There Be Light /

Rekindling the Reformation

- Walter Veith

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